By the time of the anonymous work Hodud al-Alam (circa 982 A.D.), the Shirvan Shahs, from their capital of Yazīdiyya (very probably the later Shamakha), had absorbed neighbouring kingdoms north of the Kur river and thus acquired the additional titles of Layzan Shah and Khursan Shah. Architecture Palace of the Shirvanshahs (or Shirvanshahs' Palace, Azerbaijani: Şirvanşahlar sarayı) is the biggest monument of the Shirvan-Absheron branch of architecture, situated in the Inner City of Baku. The title Shirvanshah dates back to pre-Islamic times. From the end of the 2nd/8th century, Shirvan was under the rule of the members of the Arab family of Yazid b. Mazyad Shaybani (d. 185/801). . We can also discern the progressive "Persianisation of this originally Arab family"Barthold, W., C.E. A translation of this important work into English language was published by the orientalist Vladimir Minorsky [ Enyclopedia Iranica, "Minorsky, Vladimir Fedorovich", C. E. BOSWORTH, [http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/ot_grp5/ot_minorsky_20040720.html] ] in 1958 [V. Minorsky, A History of Sharvan and Darband in the 10th-11th Centuries, Cambridge, 1958.] However, Shirvan was greatly devastated by Mongol invasion in 1235, from which it was not able to fully recover for the next century. Vladimir Minorsky believes that names such as Sharvān (Shirwān), Lāyzān and Baylaqān are Iranian names from the Iranian languages of the coast of the Caspian Sea. The Shirvanshahs dynasty, existing as independent or a vassal state, from 861 until 1538; longer than any other dynasty in Islamic world, are known for their support of culture. He gave Shirvan to his brother Alqas Mirza to rule as a province. However, Shirvan was greatly devastated by Mongol invasion in 1235, from which it was not able to fully recover for the next century.The Shirvanshahs dynasty, existing as independent or a vassal state, from 861 until 1538; longer than any other dynasty in Islamic world, are known for their support of culture. Khaghani himself in his youth used the poetic title "Haqiqi". (note b. is the shortened for the Arabic ibn (son) ). Architectural complex of "Shirvanshah palace" in Baku that was also a burial site of the dynasty and Halwatiyya Sufi khaneqa, was build during the reign of those two rulers in mid XV centuries. According to Vladimir Minorsky, the most likely explanation of the Iranicisation of this Arab family could be marriage link with the family of the ancient rulers of Shabaran. OK. Shirvanshahs Khalilullah I and Farrukh Yassar resided over most successful period in a history of Shirvan. Sie ist der Teil des Ensembles des Palastes der Schirwanschahs. One of the important books in the early history of this dynasty is the anonymous Taʾrikh Bab al-Abwab, preserved by the Ottoman historian Munejjim-Bashi (Chief Astronomer), the last date of which concerning the dynasty is 468/1075. Muhammad b. Haytham, in LayzanHaytham b. Muhammad, in LayzanBefore 913 A.D. - Ali b. Haytham, in Layzan, deposed in 917.916 A.D. - Yazid b. Muhammad b. Yazid, Abu Tahir, in Sharwan, latterly also n Bab al-Abwab(Darband)948 A.D. - Muhammad b. Yazid956 A.D. - Ahmad b. Muhammad981 A.D. - Muhammad b. Ahmad991 A.D. - Yazid b. Ahmad1028 A.D. - Manuchihr b. Yazid1034 A.D. - Ali b. Yazid, Abu Mansur1043 A.D. - Qubadh b. Yazid1049 A.D. - Bukhtnassar Ali b. Ahmad b. Yazid1053 A.D. - Sallar b. Yazid1063 A.D. - Fariburz b. Sallar b. Yazid1094 A.D. - Fereydun b. Fariburz, d. 1120 A.D.1094 A.D. - Manuchehr II b. Fariburz, immediate predecessor or successor of Fariburz or possibly contemporaneous ruler of Sharwan during the time of Fereydun.1120 A.D. - Manuchehr III b. Fereydun1160 A.D. - Akhsatan I ibn Manuchehr III, died between 1197 and 1204.1179 A.D. - Shahanshah b. Manuchehr III, possibly a contemporaneous ruler with Akhsatan, do 1204 A.D.1187 A.D. - Fereydun II b. Manuchehr III, possibly a contemporaneous ruler with his brother, to 1204 A.D.After 1187 A.D. - Fariburz II b. Fereydun II, also a possible contemporaneous ruler with his father and/or uncles.After 1187 A.D. - Farrukhzad I b. Manuchehr III, also a possible contemporaneous ruler with his nephew and/or brothers to 1225 A.D.after 1204 A.D. - Garrshasp I b. Farrukhzad1255 A.D. - AkhsatanII b. Fariburz III1258 A.D. - Garshasp II or Gushnasp b. Akhsatan II1265 A.D. - Farrukhzad II b. Akhsatan II... (some information is lacking on this period)1345 A.D. - Kay Qubadh1348 A.D. - Kay Kawus b. Kay Qubadh1372 or 1378 or 1382 A.D. - Hushang b. Kay Kawus The second line of Shahs (1382-1538) 1378 A.D. - Ibrahim I b. Muhammad b. Kay Qubadh1418 A.D. - Khalil b. The Shirvanshahs dynasty, existing as independent or a vassal state, from 861 until 1538; longer than any other dynasty in Islamic world, are known for their support of culture. By the time of the anonymous work Hodud al-Alam (c. 982 AD), the Shirvan Shahs, from their capital of Yazīdiyya (very probably the later Shamakha), had absorbed neighbouring kingdoms north of the Kur river and thus acquired the additional titles of Layzan Shah and Khursan Shah. Amongst famous poets who either appeared at their court or dedicated poetry to them are Khaghani and Nizami. Bianquis, C.E. In 1462 Sheykh Junayd, the leader of Safavids, was killed in a battle against Shirvanishans near the town of Khachmaz – an event that Safavids never forgot. One of the important books in the early history of this dynasty is the anonymous Taʾrikh Bab al-Abwab, preserved by the Ottoman historian Munejjim-Bashi (Chief Astronomer), the last date of which concerning the dynasty is 468/1075. According to Encyclopedia of Islam: "After the Shah Yazid b. Ahmad (381-418/991-1028), Arab names give way to Persian ones like Manūčihr, Ḳubādh, Farīdūn, etc., very likely as a reflection of marriage links with local families, and possibly with that of the ancient rulers in Shābarān, the former capital, and the Yazidids now began to claim a nasab going back to Sassanid kings Bahrām Gūr or to Khusraw Anushirwan"..

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