The Kunar is a primary draining conduit for the Hindu Kush basin and several tributaries, including the Pech, form distinct and significant valleys in the area. Sources/Availability of Drinking Water: Rivers, Streams, Shallow Wells, Hand Pumps. During the 120 years of the Mauryans in southern Afghanistan, Buddhism was introduced and eventually become a major religion alongside Zoroastrianism and local pagan beliefs. Commerce, art, and architecture (seen especially in the construction of stupas) developed during this period. Successive ADTs continue to serve in the province. Eventually one of the Mujahideen leaders, Jamil al-Rahman, formed a movement that had a very strict interpretation of Islam, along the lines of Wahhabism and/or Salafism. It is said to be written in excellent Classical Greek, using sophisticated philosophical terms. The founder of the empire, Chandragupta Maurya, confronted a Macedonian invasion force led by Seleucus I in 305 BC and following a brief conflict, an agreement was reached as Seleucus ceded Gandhara and Arachosia (centered around ancient Kandahar) and areas south of Bagram (corresponding to the extreme south-east of modern Afghanistan) to the Mauryans. He also describes agriproducts citron, oranges, coriander, orchards, strong yellow wines, and a burial custom wherein a woman whose corpse moved was considered to have done good things in life. According to Pakistan's Interior Minister Rehman Malik, Osama bin Laden was most likely hiding in Kunar Province in the spring and summer of 2009: "According to our information Osama is in Afghanistan, probably Kunar, as most of the activities against Pakistan are being directed from Kunar. He was born in Maidan Wardak in 1968 and was a commander in the struggle against the Soviet Union from 1988 to 1992. Majority of the highway is motorway, with portions in poor condition.2, Estimated Population with Access to Electricity: 53%. As of September 2015 the United States has awarded twelve Medals of Honor for actions in Afghanistan. The region has been part of many empires in the past, from the Maurya Empire to the latest Afghan Durrani Empire. Compounding the problems of the province is an extensive cross-border trade in contraband which includes lumber, semi-precious stones and other natural resources.This smuggling activity is often organized along tribal lines, and has led to intense deforestation in some areas. Babur wrote about Kunar in Baburnama. It is said to be written in excellent Classical Greek, using sophisticated philosophical terms. N2KL is the designation used by the US and Coalition Forces in Afghanistan for the rugged and very violent region along the Durand Line border opposite Pakistan’s Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. His predecessor was Shuja ul-Mulk Jalala. Nearly nine tenths (86%) of the province is mountainous or semi mountainous terrain while one eighth (12%) of the area is made up of relatively flat land. 5 US Department of State Asadabad Provincial Reconstruction Team Political Officer Reporting, 2005. The founder of the empire, Chandragupta Maurya, confronted a Macedonian invasion force led by Seleucus I in 305 BC and following a brief conflict, an agreement was reached as Seleucus ceded Gandhara and Arachosia (centered around ancient Kandahar) and areas south of Bagram (corresponding to the extreme south-east of modern Afghanistan) to the Mauryans. On the south side of the Hindu Kush on the Kunar River lies a glacier. He had been living there since 2005. [citation needed] The rugged border area has many illegal and hidden crossing points making Kunar a high traffic route for illegal arms transporting, insurgent movement as well as other smuggling activities as mentioned above. Religious Groups: Primarily Sunni Muslim. Although the vast majority of them throughout the subcontinent were written in Prakrit, Afghanistan is notable for the inclusion of 2 Greek and Aramaic ones alongside the court language of the Mauryans. An 1891 book described the Kunar region as split between the lower river area, controlled by Afghan chiefs, and the upstream area, where the Kunar river was actually referred to as the Chitral river. Like many of the mountainous eastern provinces of Afghanistan, the groups involved in armed conflict vary greatly in strength and purpose. Led by Mohammad Yunus Qanuni. The province, relatively small compared to others, has among the highest concentration of both US and Afghan security forces. The region has been part of many empires in the past, from the Maurya Empire to the latest Afghan Durrani Empire. ", "Stop bombing us: Osama isn’t here, says Pakistan", https://www.cimicweb.org/AfghanistanProvincialMap/Pages/Kunar.aspx, https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=Kunar_Province&oldid=722960452, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, Is the Capital of Kunar Province, which includes Asadabad and adjacent towns, immediately surrounding the confluence of the Pech and Kunar Rivers, Commonly known as the Pech District or Manogai District. Some British sources from the Great Game period (1800s) go into more detail about Kunar. [8] Names vary greatly, with Kunar sometimes being called Kama, or Kashkote, and the capital being listed as "Pashoot", which is not on modern maps. The police chief represents the Ministry of the Interior in Kabul. Hekmatyar is a Kharoti Ghilzai and, therefore, less influential than the much more respected and powerful Khugianis, such as Haji Din Mohammad and Anwarul Haq Mohammad. National Pashtun party, led by Finance Minister Dr. Anwar Ul-haq Ahadi. The Massoud clan, however, was split between both sides.5, Nuristanis comprise a minority in parts of Kunar. Eventually one of the Mujahideen leaders, Jamil al-Rahman, formed a movement that had a very strict interpretation of Islam, along the lines of Wahhabism and/or Salafism. The 2010 documentary Restrepo was filmed in the Korengal Valley of Kunar Province. The ancient Grand Trunk Road was built linking what is now Kabul to various cities in the Punjab and the Gangetic Plain. Anti-Coalition Militia activity in the region was carried out at the time most notably by a small group led by a local man named Ahmad Shah (from Nangarhar Province) who had aspirations of regional Islamic fundamentalist prominence, hence he and his small group would be one of the primary targets of the operation. Kunar (Pashto: کونړ ‎) is ane o the 34 provinces o Afghanistan, locatit in the northeastren pairt o the kintra. It appears that Mohammad was successful in consolidating his control over much of the party. And the king abstains from (killing) living beings, and other men and those who (are) huntsmen and fishermen of the king have desisted from hunting. Special Operations Forces operate extensively throughout the area. Kunar.pdf (English) Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): Afghanistan. Kunar (Pashto: کونړ‎, Persian: کنر‎‎) is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the northeastern part of the country. Its capital is Asadabad. It is one of the four "N2KL" provinces (Nangarhar Province, Nuristan Province, Kunar Province and Laghman Province). Kunar province is located in the northeast of Afghanistan. The ancient Grand Trunk Road was built linking what is now Kabul to various cities in the Punjab and the Gangetic Plain. background. Six of these have been awarded for actions in Kunar province, and an additional four have been awarded for neighboring Nuristan Province. Documentary author James F. Christ has published numerous titles about the fighting in Kunar and Nuristan provinces, mainly from 2005 to 2007 with the 10th Mountain Division and Afghan National Army ETT advisors. Actively opposed to US-led and Afghan national forces. In this Edict, Ashoka uses the word Eusebeia (“Piety”) as the Greek translation for the ubiquitous “Dharma” of his other Edicts written in Prakrit: “Ten years (of reign) having been completed, King Piodasses (Ashoka) made known (the doctrine of) Piety (εὐσέβεια, Eusebeia) to men; and from this moment he has made men more pious, and everything thrives throughout the whole world. Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. He had been living there since 2005. Special Operations Forces operate extensively throughout the area. When the Soviets left in 1988, the leader of the Mujahideen group Hizb-i-Islami, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, began to fight with Jamil al-Rahman over control of the area. Khas Kunar District is the largest district in the Kunar Province. They are classified as Eastern, Sarbani Pashtuns. Location(s): Kunar. It is ane o the fower "N2KL" provinces (Nangarhar Province, Nuristan Province, Kunar Province an Laghman Province). Commerce, art, and architecture (seen especially in the construction of stupas) developed during this period. It has a population of about 428,800, most of which are ethnic Pashtuns with about 5% being Nuristanis.It is one of the four “N2KL” provinces (Nangarhar Province, Nuristan Province, Kunar Province and Laghman Province). Compounding the problems of the province is an extensive cross-border trade in contraband which includes lumber, semi-precious stones and other natural resources. download . By 1996 however, Mullah Omar’s Taliban had invaded Kunar and driven out Hekmatyar. His replacement is not currently known. Kunar Province District Atlas. Politically active in Sherzad, Surk Rod and Pachir Wa districts. He mentions Chaghan-Sarai as a small town, and describes the towns folk as Muslims who mixed with the Kafirs of nearby Kafiristan and followed some of their customs. Hekmatyar was victorious and eventually his troops sacked Asadabad. A US Army Agribusiness Development Team (ADT) was deployed to the province in late 2009. [20]The percentage of births attended to by a skilled birth attendant increased from 3% in 2005 to 13% in 2011.

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