Joan Miro, Catalan painter who combined abstract art with Surrealist fantasy. He worked extensively in lithography and produced numerous murals, … Joan Miró i Ferrà was a Spanish painter, sculptor, and ceramicist born in Barcelona. Miro’s surrealist style was born from his use of automatic drawing – a way to undo previous established techniques in painting. Harlequin's Carnival is an early example of Miró’s surrealist works, … Harlequin's Carnival, 1924-25. A museum dedicated to his work, the Fundació Joan Miró, was established in his native city of Barcelona in 1975, and another, the Fundació Pilar i Joan Miró, was established in his adoptive city of Palma de Mallorca in 1981. His mature style evolved from the tension between his fanciful, poetic impulse and his vision of the harshness of modern life. Joan Miro’s style has been interprered as Surrealism combined with the playfulness and whimsical nature of a child.