Caption by Michon Scott. The main university building is located on Beýik Saparmyrat Türkmenbaşy şaýoly. Once ceded to the Russian empire, the Russians began to develop the area and Ashgabat once again grew, it emerged as a city with European style buildings, shops and hotels. Modern construction techniques allow high-rise development with good seismic safety. The Turkish-owned Yimpaş department store closed as of December 2016.[102]. U.S. Geological Survey. Create a Trip to save and organize all of your travel ideas, and see them on a map. If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. Opened in 1994, it has the largest collection of Turkmen carpets including a rich collection ranging from medieval times through to the 20th century. "[16] Through the mid-1970s, Ashgabat was a compact city, as shown by the 1974 Soviet military's General Staff map J-40-081. For the Turkmen folklore band, see, Храм святого благоверного великого князя Александра Невского, Храм святых равноапостольных Кирилла и Мефодия, Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, blended Persian-style domes, which Niyazov favored, with Greco-Roman architectural elements such as pillars, Ministry of Health and Medical Industry building, bull with the Earth balanced on its horns, statue of two traditionally dressed Turkmen warriors guarding a widow, International Passenger Bus Terminal of Ashgabat, Turkmen State Institute of Economics and Management, Turkmen State Institute of Architecture and Construction, The National Institute of Sports and Tourism of Turkmenistan, Oguzhan Engineering Technology University, International University of Humanities and Development, 2018 IWF World Weightlifting Championships, List of twin towns and sister cities in Turkmenistan, OpenStreetMap wiki article on geography of Ashgabat, "Türkmenistanyň Halk Maslahatynyň Çözgüdi HM-6 14 December 1992", Türkmenistanyň Prezidentiniň Permanlary опубликованно 07.02.2020, "Ashgabat | Definition of Ashgabat in English by Oxford Dictionaries", "Turkmenistan: Government Orders People Out Of Their Homes In Name Of 'Urban Renewal, "Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, Is the World's Most Expensive City for Expats", "The 10 Most Expensive Cities In The World Just Became Pricier", "На территории Ашхабада обнаружена керамика парфянской эпохи", "State of the Map keynote, State of the Map 2016", "Comments for the significant earthquake", "Today the People of Turkmenistan Mourn for Those Perished in the 1948 Ashgabat Earthquake", "Би-би-си | Люди и нравы | Горькая память Ашхабада", "АШХАБАД ПЕРЕХОДИТ НА ЦИФРОВУЮ СИСТЕМУ ОБОЗНАЧЕНИЯ УЛИЦ", "Turkmenistan enters record books for having the most white marble buildings | World news", "Изменения в административной карте столицы Туркменистана и ее прилегающих территорий", "Меджлис Туркменистана принял Постановление о вопросах административно-территориального деления города Ашхабада", "Постановление о вопросах административно-территориального деления города Ашхабада", "Глава государства подписал Постановления о переименовании и структурной реорганизации некоторых хякимликов Ахалского велаята и Ашхабада", "Меджлис Туркменистана внёс изменения в административно-территориальное деление города Ашхабада", "Парламент Туркменистана внёс изменения в административно-территориальное деление Ашхабада", "В Туркменистане изменились административные границы Ашхабада и Ахалского региона", "Бердымухамедов открыл Золотое озеро – очередной грандиозный проект", "Национальный и религиозный состав населения Туркменистана сегодня", "ЭТАПЫ ЖИЗНЕННОГО ПУТИ, Часть 6. Furthermore, it has been estimated that 90% of the cities buildings were destroyed. Another reason for visiting is to catch another of Turkmenistan’s entrance into the Guinness World Records. [16] This began to change in the 1920s, following imposition of Soviet power, which brought with it forced collectivization. Turkmenistan? If you want to see some locals here, visit in the evening or at weekends. Near the center of this true-color image, the Kurtlinskoye Reservoir glows like a bright blue-green jewel. For example, Skobolev Square became Karl Marx Square, Grodekov Street became Ostrovskiy Street, and Kuropatkin Prospect became Freedom Prospect (and from 1953 to 1961, following Joseph Stalin's death, Stalin Prospect). The administrative center of Ashgabat as the national capital is on the Archabil highway, where several ministries and agencies, as well as educational, research, and cultural centers, are found. ", "Let Them Play Golf: Destitute Turkmen Get Designer Golf Course", "Jack Nicklaus Is Building His Newest Golf Course in Turkmenistan", "Sister Cities Delegation to visit Ashgabat from Albuquerque, New Mexico. Ashgabat was the host of the 2018 IWF World Weightlifting Championships. Walk through this real local slice of life - a true local market very popular amongst local people for shopping. This led to the marbalisation of Ashgabat as many of the old Soviet apartment blocks were torn down and overtime replaced by modern slick marbled structures. The city was officially founded January 18, 1881, as a fortified garrison and was named after the Turkmen village on that site. more. Konjikala was rebuilt because of its advantageous location on the Silk Road and it flourished until its destruction by Mongols in the 13th century. Ashgabat was chosen as the host city of the V Asian Indoor and Martial Arts Games,[153] and was also the first city in Central Asia to host the Asian Indoor Games. Land The highest point in the city is the 401-meter high sandhill upon which the Yyldyz Hotel was built, but most of the city lies between 200 and 255 meters of elevation. In the years following several more factories were added, including the silk spinning plant (1928), a cotton spinning plant and textile plant (1929), candy factory (1930), garment factory (1933), shoe factory (1934), and a meat cannery (1938). The principal industries are cotton textiles and metal working. Tripolskaya was erected. Other prominent institutions are the Turkmen State Institute of Economics and Management, a main business school founded in 1980, as well as the Turkmen State Institute of Architecture and Construction, Turkmen Agricultural University, and The National Institute of Sports and Tourism of Turkmenistan. [130] Snow is infrequent in the area. Ashgabat is a very strange city in a very strange country. To add to this, it is marbled. First it’s the Darvaza gas craters, burning gas craters that resemble the gates to hell, that tops my list of the strangest sights I’ve seen.. And as if it weren’t bizarre enough, Ashgabat brings it to a … Although, be prepared as Ashgabat is far-reaching and walks can be long. [115][116], Ashgabat is home to five military academies: the Military Institute, the Naval Institute, the Border Guards Institute, the Institute of National Security, and the Ministry of Internal Affairs Institute. Not so much of a hit with the locals these days, so do not be surprised if there are few other shoppers. By 1915 Askhabad featured branches of the Russian State Bank, Persian Accounting Loan Bank, Russin-Asian Bank, Société Générale, and Askhabat Mutual Credit Union.[15]. We need this information in order to create your account. The most important of these parks are: the Botanical Garden, Güneş, Turkmen-Turkish friendship, Independence. The Trans-Caspian railway reached Askhabad in 1886. Nevertheless, it’s well worth the walk just to get an idea of scale. The average January high temperature is 8.6 °C (47.5 °F), and the average low temperature is −0.4 °C (31.3 °F). The fortunes were again to change influenced by events many miles away. [21][22] The community of the Bahá'í Faith in Turkmenistan was largely based in Askhabad. In 1908 the Bahá'í community completed the construction of the first Bahá'í House of Worship, sometimes referred to by its Arabic name of mašriqu-l-'aḏkār (Arabic: مشرق اﻻذكار‎),[88] where people of all religions may worship God without denominational restrictions. [93] The former Novofiryuzenskoye shosse (New Firyuza Highway) was rebuilt by Gap Inşaat in 2004. At the centre of Ashgabat is the enormous Independence Square, on which sits the golden-domed Palace of Turkmenbashi (the place of work of the former president), … [134], Alem Cultural and Entertainment Center was recognised by Guinness World Records as the world's tallest Ferris wheel in an enclosed space. As a marker of Turkmenistan's official neutrality, the city's most recognizable monument, the Neutrality Arch, rotates during the daylight hours, facing the sun throughout the entire day. It is surrounded by, but not part of, Ahal Province (Turkmen: Ahal welaýaty). [39][40], As of January 5, 2018, Ashgabat includes four boroughs (uly etraplar), each with a presidentially appointed mayor (Turkmen: häkim):[1][41][42][43][44][45][46], This is a reduction from the previous number of boroughs. Visit the Kamil supermarket on the basement floor for all your needs. As of 2020 the most recent addition to these is the Bicycle Monument (Turkmen: Welosiped binasy), which President Berdimuhamedov dedicated on June 3, 2020. Ashgabat features many sculptures honoring Turkmen, Turkic, and other Islamic poets and heroes. The amusement park World of Turkmenbashi Tales is a local equivalent to Disneyland. [51] City planning began following the Russian conquest, with "very simple planning schemes." Four are Russian Orthodox churches:[151]. The southern boundary of Ashgabat was extended southward to the foothills of the Kopet Dag mountains. It is also near the Iran-Turkmenistan border. Beginning in the 1970s, Ashgabat's boundaries shifted outward, with the aforementioned municipalities annexed, the aerodrome at Howdan redeveloped, and creation of the Parahat (Russian: Mir) neighborhoods to the south and industrial parks to the east. [97] The most important are Ashneftemash, Turkmenkabel, and Turkmenbashy Textile Complex. Unfortunately, photos are not allowed in this area so a walk past the entrance needs to be committed to memory which isn’t difficult with its grand architecture and stunning domed roofs. As the name suggests, it is the location where locals go to register their wedding and is normally incorporated as part of a larger celebration. In the northeast, the meandering patches of deep brown-green show where natural vegetation has concentrated along waterways. The community elected one of the first Bahá'í local administrative institutions. It is only rivalled by the Oguzkhan - another grand building that can only be viewed at a distance. In addition to the statue of former President Niyazov atop the Neutrality Monument, a gilded statue of him stands before the Ministry of Internal Affairs, and a gilded seated statue of him graces the entry to the Turkmen Agricultural University. Image of the Day [108][109] It offers intercity service to Turkmenbashy, Dashoguz, Turkmenabat, Archman, Konye-Urgench, and Mollagara, as well as points in between. Most Destructive Known Earthquakes on Record in the World. [58][59][60][61][62], Following Niyazov's death, domes began to go out of fashion for buildings other than mosques, and public buildings began to take on more modernist characteristics, often with a motif reflecting the structure's intended occupant. Major mosques in central Ashgabat include: There are also several mosques in former towns and villages annexed by Ashgabat and thus now neighborhoods within the city limits. [18] By 1948 Ashgabat had three institutions of higher education, 20 technical schools, 60 libraries, "and approximately the same number of kindergartens. Following Niyazov's death in 2006, Soviet-era street names were restored, though in the years since, many of them have been replaced with names honoring Turkmen scholars, poets, military heroes, and figures from art and culture, as well as celebrating the nation's independence.

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